Today in Latin American History
Spanish Troops Defeated 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco in 1550
Photo: Pedro de Valdivia
Today in Latin American history, several hundred Spanish and indigenous troops under the command of Pedro de Valdivia defeated an army of 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco during the Arauco War in present-day Chile in 1550.
The Mapuche army under the command of their toqui Ainavillo with his Araucan and Tucapel allies fought 200 Spaniards on horse and afoot with a large number of Yanacona inclucing 300 Mapochoes auxiliaries under their leader Michimalonco defending their newly raised fort at Penco.
Other events that occurred on this day:
- Today in LatAm history, former President of Mexico Gustavo Díaz Ordaz who was in office 1964-70 was born in 1911
- Today in LatAm history, former President of Argentina Raúl Alfonsín who was in office 1983-89 was born in 1927
- Today in LatAm history, Venezuelan musician Aldemaro Romero who created the Venezuelan “Onda Nueva” genre born in 1928
- Today in LatAm history, Mexican producer and filmmaker Moctesuma Esparza who was nominated for an Oscar was born in 1949
- Today in LatAm history, Mexican drug trafficker Benjamín Arellano Félix who was leader of the Tijuana Cartel was born in 1952