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Today in Latin American History

Simon Bolivar Signed the Decree of War to the Death Against Spaniards in 1813

Simon Bolivar Signed the Decree of War to the Death Against Spaniards in 1813

Photo: Simon Bolivar

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Today in Latin American history, Venezuelan Simon Bolivar signed the Decree of War to the Death against Spaniards in 1813.

The Decree of War to the Death, was a decree issued by the South American separatist leader, Simón Bolívar, which permitted murder and any atrocities whatsoever to be committed against civilians born in Spain, other than those actively assisting South American independence, and furthermore exonerated Latin Americans who had already committed such murders and atrocities.

The decree was an explicit call to use terror tactics in Bolívar’s attempt to maintain Venezuelan independence in the war with Spain, since he felt that the Spanish Army’s use of atrocities against those who supported the First Republic of Venezuela had contributed decisively to its defeat.

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