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Brazilian Police Killed High School Student Protesting for Cheaper Student Meals in 1968

Today in Latin American history, Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto was shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students in 1968. continue reading »

U.S. Began Broadcasting the Anti-Castro Propaganda Network TV Martí to Cuba in 1990

Today in Latin American history, the United States began broadcasting TV Martí, an anti-Castro propaganda network, to Cuba in 1990. continue reading »

A 7.7 Earthquake Destroyed Caracas, Venezuela in 1812

Today in Latin American history, a 7.7 earthquake destroyed Caracas, Venezuela killing more than 15,000 people in 1812. continue reading »

Costa Rican Footballer Álvaro Saborío was Born in 1982

Today in Latin American history, Costa Rican footballer Álvaro Saborío who plays for the National team & Real Salt Lake was born in 1982. continue reading »

Archbishop Óscar Romero Was Assassinated During Mass in 1980

Today in Latin American history, Archbishop Óscar Romero is killed while celebrating Mass in San Salvador in 1980. The assassination occurred one day after a sermon in which he had called on Salvadoran soldiers, as Christians, to obey God's higher order and to stop carrying out the government's repression and violations of basic human rights. continue reading »

Mexican Presidential Candidate was Assassinated in 1994

Today in Latin American history, at an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio was assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez in 1994. continue reading »

Law Abolished Slavery in Puerto Rico in 1873

Today in Latin American history, a law is approved by the Spanish National Assembly in Puerto Rico to abolish slavery in 1873. The owners were compensated with 35 million pesetas per slave. continue reading »

Mexican Statesman Benito Juárez was Born in 1806

Today in Latin American history, Mexican statesman Benito Juárez who was the indigenous president in the Americas was born in 1806. continue reading »

Mexican Nobel Laureate Alfonso García Robles was Born in 1911

Today in Latin American history, Mexican diplomat Alfonso García Robles who won the 1982 Nobel Peace Prize was born in 1911. García Robles worked as the Mexican ambassador to Brazil. continue reading »

A Landslide Kills 600 in Peru in 1971

Today in Latin American history, in Peru a landslide crashed into Lake Yanahuani, killing 600 at the mining camp of Chungar in 1971. An earthquake sets off a series of calamities—a landslide, flood and avalanche--that results in the destruction of the town of Chungar, Peru, and the death of many of its inhabitants. continue reading »

Mexico Nationalized all Foreign-owned Oil Properties Within Mexico in 1938

Today in Latin American history, Mexico nationalized all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders in 1938. President and General Lázaro Cárdenas declared that all mineral and oil reserves found within Mexico belong to the nation, including the U.S. and Anglo-Dutch operating companies. continue reading »

The Champs’ “Tequila” Was the #1 Song on the U.S. Pop Charts in 1958

Today in Latin American history, The Champs' "Tequila" was the #1 song on the U.S. pop charts in 1958. Written on the spot and recorded as an afterthought in Los Angeles, the song—"Tequila" —hit #1 on the Billboard pop chart on March 17, 1958. It was the Champs' one, and only, pop hit. continue reading »

U.S. Regiments Cross Border to Capture Pancho Villa in 1916

Today in Latin American history, the 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing crossed the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa in 1916. continue reading »

Brazilian Military Dictatorship Ended in 1985

Today in Latin American history, the Brazilian military dictatorship ended in 1985. The authoritarian regime ruled Brazil from March 31, 1964 to March 15, 1985. continue reading »

US Ratified the Failed Treaty Granting Rights to Build Panama Canal in 1903

Today in Latin American history, the Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, was ratified by the United States Senate in 1903. continue reading »

Cuban Student Revolutionaries Attack the Presidential Palace in 1957

Today in Latin American history, Cuban student revolutionaries stormed the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista in 1957. continue reading »

Spanish Troops Defeated 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco in 1550

Today in Latin American history, several hundred Spanish and indigenous troops under the command of Pedro de Valdivia defeated an army of 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco during the Arauco War in present-day Chile in 1550. continue reading »

Chile Swore In First Democratically Elected President Since 1970 in 1990

Today in Latin American history, Patricio Aylwin was sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Chile since 1970 in 1990. Following the Augusto Pinochet regime that was in power since 1973, Aylwin was elected in the first democratic elections on December 14, 1989. continue reading »

Fulgencio Batista Appointed Himself as the “Provisional President” in 1952

Today in Latin American history, Fulgencio Batista led a successful coup in Cuba and appointed himself as the "provisional president" in 1952. continue reading »

Pancho Villa Raided Columbus, New Mexico in 1916

Today in Latin American history, Pancho Villa led nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico in 1916. continue reading »