Recent estimates from the Pew Hispanic Center and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) indicate that the number of unauthorized immigrants in the United States has remained unchanged at roughly 11 million since 2009.
This comes after a two-year decline of approximately one million that corresponded closely to the most recent recession, which ran from December 2007 to June 2009. Despite that decline, the new data make clear that the current population of unauthorized immigrants is very much part of the social and economic fabric of the country.
Three-fifths of unauthorized immigrants have been in the United States for more than a decade. Unauthorized immigrants comprise more than one-quarter of the foreign-born population and roughly 1-in-20 workers. Approximately 4.5 million native-born U.S.-citizen children have at least one unauthorized parent. While the largest numbers of unauthorized immigrants are concentrated in California and Texas, there also are sizable unauthorized populations in Florida, New York, New Jersey, Illinois, Georgia, North Carolina, and Maryland.
In short, unauthorized immigrants who are already in the country have become integral to U.S. businesses, communities, and families.
The Pew Hispanic Center estimates that there were 11.2 million unauthorized immigrants in the country as of 2010, nearly the same as the previous year’s estimate of 11.1 million. This was down from a high of 12 million in 2007, but up from 8.4 million in 2000.
The DHS Office of Immigration Statistics estimates 10.8 million unauthorized immigrants as of 2010, virtually unchanged from the previous year. This was down from a high of 11.8 million in 2007, but up from 8.5 million in 2000.