Photo: U.S.-Mexico Border
As Mexico’s drug war spills into the United States, authorities are having more violent encounters with criminals. As a result, the number of extradition requests being sent to Mexico are increasing, but so too are the number granted, says a new report.
In last few years, the U.S.’s extradition process and Mexico’s means of implementing it have changed drastically. In 2003, the neighboring countries reached an agreement that people could be extradited from Mexico to the U.S. under the condition that, if convicted, the person could not be executed or imprisoned for life, as it was ruled in 2001 that both sentences violate the Mexican constitution. Still, despite this condition, the number of Mexico-to-U.S. extraditions has gone up.
“In the last four years, the number of extraditions from Mexico has practically doubled. Mexico has been extraditing people at a clip (and) the vast majority were Mexican nationals,” said David A. Shirk, the director of the University of San Diego’s Trans-Border Institute, in a statement corroborated in a recent report by the Congressional Research Service.
And a report by the Congressional Research Service to Congress stated that “President Felipe Calderón has used extradition as a major tool to combat drug traffickers, and over the past several years, Mexico has extradited an increasing number of alleged criminals to the United States.”
In 2005, the Mexican court ruled that U.S. prosecutors could once again, seek a life imprisonment sentence.