Photo: Parent Child Abductions in Latin America
Special Advisor for Children’s Issues Ambassador Susan Jacobs will visit Brazil May 17 – 19 for meetings regarding international parental child abduction.
In Brazil, Ambassador Jacobs will meet with senior Brazilian officials to discuss judicial delays in unresolved Hague Abduction Convention applications and how the two countries can facilitate quicker reunification of parents and their children. The Office of Children’s Issues at the State Department assists in cases of international parental child abduction.
Under Brazilian law, parental abduction is a crime when committed within Brazil and both parents are Brazilian. An international parental abduction, involving a Brazilian parent taking a child to Brazil in interference with a foreign parent’s custodial rights, is not considered a crime. Additionally, the Brazilian Constitution prohibits the extradition of its own nationals, preventing a taking parent of Brazilian nationality from being extradited for parental kidnapping.
If one of the parents of a child is a Brazilian citizen, then the child is a Brazilian citizen, regardless of place of birth or any other citizenship that may be possessed by the child. Children born in the U.S. may travel to Brazil on a U.S. passport and be documented as Brazilian citizens upon arriving in Brazil. It is also possible for children born in the U.S. to be registered and documented as Brazilian citizens by a Brazilian Consulate in the U.S., allowing the child to travel out of the U.S. on a Brazilian passport. All children born in Brazil, except those born to people on the diplomatic blue list, are Brazilian citizens.