The greater incorporation of women into the working world in recent decades in Latin America has not gone hand in hand with a reduction in the gaps with men in terms of pay and opportunity, according to a U.N. study released Monday.
“Gender inequalities are a direct consequence of traditional views on the place and role that women should occupy in society - views based on prejudice, discrimination and disregard for the progress the region has made and its effects on societies,” the document says.
Five U.N. agencies - the International Labor Organization, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the United Nations Development Program and U.N. Women - collaborated to carry out the study.
In addition to the analysis, the report makes a series of recommendations for reducing the gender inequalities that are present in practically all Latin American nations.
Among other measures, it says that if inequality is to be effectively dealt with authorities must focus their efforts and resources on public policies oriented toward women since they are the ones who are “most vulnerable to poverty,” who receive the lowest salaries and who, at the same time, are assigned the greater responsibilities for the family welfare.
The document also discusses the need to create “a social environment at work” that contributes to preventing discrimination against women, protecting the rights of migrant women and improving working conditions for home workers, among other policies.