Photo: Birth news
In 2013, births in Spain declined for the fifth straight year to 425,390, or 6.4 percent less than the year before, and a decrease since 2008 of more than 18 percent, the National Statistics Institute, or INE, said Tuesday.
Spain’s population is aging and declining without producing the number of births needed to replace it for much longer, according to INE’s report.
Fewer births, the average woman having fewer children, women not having their first baby until they’re older, and a lower number of women of child-bearing age, give a fair idea of what the country’s demographic future will look like.
The difference between births and deaths went down 30.7 percent in 2013 to 36,181 people, the lowest balance since the year 2000.
A key contributing factor is the gross birth rate - the number of births per 1,000 inhabitants - which dropped to a current 9.1 from 9.7 in 2012.
According to official figures, 47.12 million people were living in Spain at the beginning of this year, of whom 5.54 million were foreigners.