Photo: Picasso's Guernica
Spain’s Queen Sofia Museum has mounted an impressive exhibition to celebrate the 75th anniversary of “Guernica,” painted by Pablo Picasso in memory of the devastating bombing of that northern Spanish town on April 26, 1937.
“Encounters with the 1930s” is the title of the exhibition designed to put visitors in touch with history and show what artists were doing during a turbulent decade, a key to understanding the times we live in now.
The exhibition, inaugurated Tuesday by Queen Sofia, is one of the most important of the season for the museum as is evident from the 2,000 square meters (21,500 sq. ft.) dedicated to displaying more than 400 works, including many from the most important institutions and collections around the world.
A good 75 percent of these works have never been shown in Spain before, such as the 1937 painting “New Chicago Athletic Club” by Antonio Berni.
The bombardment of Guernica, a town of 5,000 people, by the German and Italian allies of Gen. Francisco Franco, was the first indiscriminate air attack on a city.
As immortalized by Picasso, the attack has come to symbolize the horror of war and the suffering of the civilian population, whether targeted directly or simply caught in the crossfire.