Photo: Ciudad Juarez, where as many as 116,000 home remain empty
As the drug war rages in Mexico, and the violence continues, and according to the Norwegian Refugee Council’s Internal Displacement Monitoring centre, around 230,000 people have been displaced in Mexico.
The Refugee Council, which is based out of Geneva, has said the violence in the south has resulted in a high number of displaced people, but the country’s government has not collected exact figures so the number could be higher.
The northern states of Mexico along the U.S. border saw the most internally displaced people in 2010, since the main trafficking routes are concentrated in the states of Chihuahua and Tamaulipas. The organization’s report said the majority of those displace – about 115,000 – are from the states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, and Veracruz.
The report also stated, ““There have been few attempts to define the scale of displacement in small rural towns in Tamaulipas and Chihuahua, even though the violence is believed to be even more intense in those rural areas. Furthermore, forced displacement has taken place alongside strong economic migration flows, making it harder to identify and document.”
Last year, the Municipal Planning Institute in Chihuahua reported that as many as 116,000 homes were empty in Ciudad Juárez due to the constant fighting of turf wars between drug cartels.
Government figures show 15,273 drug-related crimes in Mexico in 2010, with 50 percent of them occurring in the three northern states of Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, and Chihuahua .
“In 2010, federal authorities did not acknowledge, assess or document the needs of the people displaced, instead focusing their efforts on fighting the drug cartels,” the report added.
Since Felipe Calderon began the war on drugs and cartels, more than 30,000 people have died due to drug-related violence since 2006.