Brazilians’ life expectancy rose by three years in the past decade, increasing from 70.46 years in 2000 to 73.48 years in 2010, the government said Thursday.
Life expectancy rose by three months and 22 days in the past year alone, compared to 2009, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, or IBGE, said.
The life expectancy of Brazilians has increased gradually since 1980, when it was 62, due mainly to a drop in infant mortality, vaccination campaigns and other advances in the health area.
The infant mortality rate was 21.64 per 1,000 live births in 2010, compared with 69.12 per 1,000 live births in 1980.
A woman born in Brazil last year has a life expectancy of 77.32 years, while the average life expectancy for a man is 69.73 years, the IBGE said.
The difference was just 3.73 years in 2000 and grew because men are the main victims of violence, the IBGE said.
A 22-year-old man is 4.5 times more likely to die than a woman of the same age, the IBGE said.
The mortality rate gap narrows with age, with people of both genders experiencing more health problems than violence as they get older.
At the age of 70, however, men are still 1.5 times more likely than women to die, the IBGE said.