Photo: Latinos and Lung Cancer
A new large scale 10-year study on the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer shows there are racial disparities on which patients undergo surgery as early treatment with Hispanics leading the way.
The study looked at 1.2 million patients diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer from 2000-2010. The American Cancer Society notes that 90 percent of all lung cancers are non-small cell cancer.
Hispanics are least likely of all demographics to receive treatment but when they do they act aggressively. The study concluded that Hispanics are more likely than white to undergo surgery as early treatment.
Among patients with Stage I disease, surgical intervention was performed in 78 percent of Caucasians, 73 percent of African Americans, and 82 percent of Hispanics. Corresponding figures for Stage II were 64 percent, 56 percent and 67 percent.
Eighty-two percent of white patients received treatment, as well as 79 percent of black patients and 76 percent of Hispanics. However, 82 percent of Hispanics and 78 percent of whites with stage 1 disease underwent surgery, compared to 73 percent of blacks who had surgery as their initial form of treatment. For patients with stage 2 disease, 67 percent of Hispanics, 64 percent of whites and 56 percent of blacks had surgery.
Researchers concluded that the racial disparities in the initial treatment of the disease may contribute to the survival rates of lung cancer amongst minorities.
Studies have show that Hispanic with lung cancer than white or African-Americans. Hispanics were also more likely to be diagnosed with a less serious form of lung cancer, known as bronchioalveolar carcinoma.