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SundayJuly 29, 2012

Latino Daily News: Bringing You the Latest Hispanic Current Events and News Stories 24/7

To reflect the dynamic interests of our audience, Latino Daily News is an online daily news source and virtual cultural center for and about Latinos. We offer the latest news headlines, as well as innovative and insightful Hispanic current events stories, photos, videos, and commentaries from a Latino perspective, 24/7.

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OLYMPICS 2012:  Spain Men’s Basketball Wins First Game Against China

OLYMPICS 2012:  Spain Men’s Basketball Wins First Game Against China

Photo: London Olympics 2012: Men's Basketball

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The Spanish basketball team made its debut at the London Olympics on Sunday with a 97-81 win over China.

The teams got off to a slow start, with the game scoreless after the first 90 seconds.

Spanish coach Sergio Scariolo’s squad, however, eventually got on track, thanks to point guard Jose Calderon, who put up 11 points in the first quarter and nailed some three-pointers.

China dropped into a zone defense later in the game, opening things up for Rudy Fernandez, Calderon, Navarro, San Emeterio and Sada to score.

Scariolo substituted throughout the game to deal with injuries and lack of conditioning.

Pau Gasol finished with 21 points, while Calderon scored 12, Navarro had 14 points, Ibaka scored 17 points and Sada had 7 points.

China’s scoring was led by Jianlian Yi, who put up 30 points.

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Bolivia Looking to Enter Into Hydro-power Plant Deal with China

Bolivia Looking to Enter Into Hydro-power Plant Deal with China

Photo: Hydrochina Corporation

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Bolivia signed a memorandum of understanding with Hydrochina Corporation that calls for the Chinese state-owned firm to conduct a free feasibility study for the construction of a hydroelectric power plant in the eastern province of Santa Cruz, the Andean nation’s richest region, the Hydrocarbons and Energy Ministry said.

The memorandum was signed Friday night by Hydrocarbons and Energy Minister Juan Jose Sosa and Hydrochina Corporation representatives in the presence of Chinese Ambassador to Bolivia Li Dong, the ministry said in a statement.

The document calls for Hydrochina to provide the feasibility study to the Bolivian government on the Rositas hydroelectric power project in Santa Cruz within 90 days “at no charge.”

If Bolivia accepts the study, Hydrochina would design and build the power plant, which the Bolivian government says would have an installed generating capacity of 400 MW.

Failure to submit the feasibility study within the timeframe established in the memorandum would void the agreement, the ministry said.

President Evo Morales’s administration says the Rositas hydroelectric power plant would allow Bolivia to meet its power needs, especially in rural areas, and export electricity to neighboring countries.

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Mexico Criticizes U.N. For Not Passing Arms Trade Treaty

Mexico Criticizes U.N. For Not Passing Arms Trade Treaty

Photo: International arms trade

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The Mexican government criticized Saturday the inconclusive results of the U.N. diplomatic conference seeking to pass an international Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), and deplored “the imposition of the consensus rule” as a condition for reaching an agreement.

“The government of Mexico decries the U.N. diplomatic conference postponing the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty,” the foreign ministry said in a communique.

On Friday, the 193 participating countries finished their United Nations meeting “after a month of intense negotiations” but unable to reach a consensus on the final text that would have created “new international standards” for regulating the trade in conventional arms worldwide, the foreign ministry said.

“Faced with the lack of positive results, Mexico regrets that the imposition of the consensus rule makes it impossible to reach agreement despite the wide and obvious support for the measure, which can thereby be made null and void by a small minority of countries,” the foreign ministry said.

Negotiations were going well but were derailed when the United States asked for “more time” to study the last draft that had been agreed upon last Thursday, and due to the objections of other great powers like China and Russia.

Despite the fruitless result, “Mexico wishes to stress that the conference did make considerable progress on a draft of the text that should be improved and strengthened…within the United Nations General Assembly,” the foreign ministry said.

For Mexico, a “strong, sturdy” international treaty is necessary to end “the lethal situation that many societies suffer on every continent from the irresponsible sale and shipment of arms and munitions.”

At the international conference’s final session, Mexico read a statement “in the name of 87 delegations from all regions, in which it urged that efforts not be abandoned to finish negotiating the treaty at the next U.N. General Assembly.”

Finally, Mexico announced that “it will continue giving the greatest importance to this subject and will continue to work with like-minded countries, as it did throughout this conference and during the preparatory meetings.”

“Mexico wishes the U.N. to pass the treaty that the international community needs: a strong, effective treaty that bans the trade of conventional weapons when they risk being used to commit grave violations of international law, and that establishes mechanisms to prevent arms from being shifted to the illegal market,” the communique said.

Mexico is one of the countries most damaged by the illicit trade in arms, which are sold legally in the United States but frequently end up in the possession of drug cartels and organized crime groups operating in this country.

Combating these groups has been a priority for Mexican President Felipe Calderon, who imposed the strategy of all-out war on organized crime with the army in the streets, and who will step down from office next Nov. 30.

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Bodies of U.S. Climbers Found in Peru

Bodies of U.S. Climbers Found in Peru

Photo: Palcaraju mountain

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The bodies of two missing U.S. climbers were found on Palcaraju, a mountain that rises more than 6,200 meters (20,327 feet) in Peru’s northern Ancash region, police said.

Ben Horne and Gil Weiss, who had been missing for 17 days, were found on Saturday.

The bodies of Horne and Weiss were taken to the city of Huaraz, a police spokesman told Radio Programas del Peru, or RPP.

Mountain guides hired by the climbers’ families found a tarp, gas stove and other gear on Friday.

The two Americans launched their assault on the summit of Palcaraju on July 11.

Horne had limited experience climbing in the Peruvian Andes, while Weiss had been in the region several times, police said.

Horne and Weiss were supposed to return to the United States on July 26, the U.S. Embassy in Lima said, adding that relatives reported them missing when they failed to arrive home and hired a search team.

Palcaraju is one of the most dangerous mountains in Peru because of frequent avalanches, police mountain rescue unit spokesman Maj. Marco Carrera told the La Republica newspaper.

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OLYMPICS: Honduras Eliminates Spanish Soccer Team

OLYMPICS: Honduras Eliminates Spanish Soccer Team

Photo: Honduras National team

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Spain was eliminated from the Olympic soccer tournament Sunday after losing to Honduras 1-0 and failing to score any points in its first two games.

Japan, which beat Spain 1-0 in the first round, defeated Morocco by the same score on Sunday, taking the lead in Group D with six points and qualifying mathematically for the quarterfinals.

Honduras, which tied Morocco 2-2 last Thursday in Glasgow, is in second place in the group with four points, followed by the North African squad, which has one point.

Spain will say farewell to the Olympics with a match against Morocco on Aug. 1 in Manchester, while Japan and Honduras will play in Coventry.

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Cuba Wins First Medal in London, Silver in Judo

Cuba Wins First Medal in London, Silver in Judo

Photo: Yanet Bermoy

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Cuban judo athlete Yanet Bermoy had to settle for the silver medal in the 52-kilogram class after losing to North Korea’s Kum Ae An on Sunday at the London Olympics.

Bermoy, who won a silver medal in the 48-kilogram class at the 2008 Games in Beijing, had beaten Belgium’s Ilse Heylen in the semifinals with a waza-ari.

The Cuban, however, was unable to handle the North Korean, who scored a yuko and took the gold.

Bermoy, who had moved up to the higher weight division two years ago, started the day by eliminating Mongolia’s Bundmaa Munkhbaatar.

Bermoy now has two Olympic silver medals, a world championship and a Pan American Games gold medal under her belt.

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5.7 Earthquake Rocks Mexico, No Injuries or Damage Reported

5.7 Earthquake Rocks Mexico, No Injuries or Damage Reported

Photo: State of Chiapas

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A magnitude-5.7 earthquake rocked southern Mexico’s Chiapas state on Sunday, but there were no injuries or damage, the National Seismology Service said.

The temblor occurred at 7:22 a.m. and had its epicenter 97 kilometers (60 miles) southwest of Ciudad Hidalgo at a depth of 14 kilometers (8.7 miles).

“There were no incidents whatsoever” in terms of injuries or damage from the earthquake, which was only felt in the Soconusco region, emergency management office spokesmen told Efe.

The earthquake was felt in Guatemala’s Quetzaltenango and San Marcos provinces, the Guatemalan seismology institute said.

No injuries or damage were reported, Guatemalan emergency management officials said.

A magnitude-5.2 earthquake rocked southern Mexico last Tuesday, but no injuries or damage were reported.

The quake’s epicenter, which was located at a depth of 13.2 kilometers (8.2 miles), was 11 kilometers (6.8 miles) south-southeast of San Juan de Cacahuatepec, a town in Oaxaca state, and 24 kilometers (14.9 miles) north of Santiago Pinotepa Nacional, another town on the southern state’s Pacific coast, the U.S. Geological Survey, or USGS, said.

Mexico’s National Seismological Service confirmed the temblor on Twitter and estimated the magnitude at 5.62.

A magnitude-7.4 earthquake on March 20 killed two people in southern Mexico and was followed by dozens of strong aftershocks.

On April 2, a magnitude-6.0 earthquake rocked an area between the southern states of Guerrero and Oaxaca.

Mexico, one of the countries with the highest levels of seismic activity in the world, sits on the North American tectonic plate and is surrounded by three other plates in the Pacific: the Rivera microplate, at the mouth of the Gulf of California; the Pacific plate; and the Cocos plate.

That last tectonic plate stretches from Colima state south and has the potential to cause the most damage since it affects Mexico City, which has a population of 20 million and was constructed over what was once Lake Texcoco.

The magnitude-8.1 earthquake that hit Mexico City on Sept. 19, 1985, was the most destructive to ever hit Mexico, killing some 10,000 people, injuring more than 40,000 others and leaving 80,000 people homeless.

The most recent powerful quake to hit Mexico was a magnitude-7.6 temblor that rocked Colima on Jan. 21, 2003.

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Colombian V.P. Angelino Garzon Well On His Way to Recovery

Colombian V.P. Angelino Garzon Well On His Way to Recovery

Photo: Angelino Garzon

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Colombian Vice President Angelino Garzon is making positive progress in his recovery following his release from hospital after suffering a stroke that kept him hospitalized for 22 days, a medical report said.

The note from La Sabana University Clinic, which has been overseeing his recovery, said that Garzon “has presented no related medical complications” and “tolerates the daily level of therapy.”

It added that he also shows improvement “in muscular strength and motor control, and continues to make progress in communicating with others.”

On Thursday after visiting Garzon, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos hailed the lucidity of the vice president, whom he found in “good spirits, lucid, very well informed.”

The president said that Garzon “has recovered much quicker” than he ever imagined, adding that the vice president continues with his therapy even as he resumes the duties of his office.

On July 6, Garzon was released from Reina Sofia Clinic in Bogota, where he stayed for 22 days after suffering a stroke.

Garzon had been hospitalized since June 14, apparently suffering from a prostate infection, but after several days there he suffered a stroke that affected several vital functions and for which he underwent an emergency operation.

Garzon, a former union leader, became vice president on the ticket with Santos after serving as Labor Minister in the 1998-2002 government of Andres Pastrana, and as ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva during Uribe’s 2002-2010 tenure.

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6 Arrested in Connection to Murder of Venezuelan Diplomat in Kenya

6 Arrested in Connection to Murder of Venezuelan Diplomat in Kenya

Photo: Venezuelan embassy in Kenya

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Kenyan police have arrested the first secretary of the Venezuelan Embassy in Kenya, the Venezuelan Dwight Sagaray, and five Kenyan employees of the embassy residence, for their suspected involvement in the death by strangling of the mission’s charge d’affaires, Olga Fonseca.

In a telephone conversation with Efe, the administrative assistant at the Venezuelan Embassy in Kenya, Jose Miguel Reyes, said Saturday that the six suspects have been held in custody since the day before at the police station in Gigiri, an upscale neighborhood on Nairobi’s north side where the Venezuelan mission is located.

According to Reyes, those under arrest will remain at the police station at least until Monday, when they are due to appear in court.

The administrative assistant said that an autopsy has been done on the body at a Nairobi morgue, but “no results will be known for a couple of weeks.”

Reyes also said that police “continue gathering evidence” in hopes of solving the case, which Kenyan security forces consider “a murder.”

The embassy employee did not know when Fonseca’s body would be sent back to South America, something that must be determined by other Venezuelan authorities in the area.

“No other Venezuelan ambassadors” serving in other African countries “have come here yet. They will come in the next few days,” Reyes said, adding that a police agent and a Foreign Ministry official will soon be on their way from Venezuela.

Fonseca’s death occurred shortly after Kenyan personnel at the Venezuelan Embassy filed a complaint with the Diplomatic Police Unit in Gigiri because Fonseca had supposedly fired them, the Daily Nation newspaper said.

Those employees, according to the daily, were presumably dismissed for refusing to retract their accusations of sexual harassment against Fonseca’s predecessor, Gerardo Carrillo Silva.

Reyes told Efe, on the other hand, that the servants “were never fired,” they just “refused to acknowledge Fonseca’s authority” but kept working at the residence anyway.

Fonseca, 57, was found strangled to death Friday inside the official residence of the Venezuelan Embassy in the exclusive Runda neighborhood on the north side of Nairobi.

The Latin American diplomat had arrived in the Kenyan capital on July 15 to take charge of her country’s embassy.

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Brazilian Swimmer Pereira Wins Silver in 400m Individual Medley

Brazilian Swimmer Pereira Wins Silver in 400m Individual Medley

Photo: Thiago Pereira

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Brazilian swimmer Thiago Pereira won silver after finishing a distant second to American Ryan Lochte in Saturday’s Olympic men’s 400-meter individual medley final, while Michael Phelps came in a disappointing fourth.

Lochte dominated the race from start to finish to touch the wall in 4:05.18, more than three seconds ahead of Pereira, who clocked in at 4:08.86, although still well short of the world-record time of 4:03.84 that his countryman Phelps set four years ago in the Beijing Olympics.

Pereira earned a podium spot thanks to an outstanding performance in the breaststroke portion, which enabled him to move from fifth place into second, leaving behind Phelps, eventual bronze-medalist Kosuke Hagino of Japan and South Africa’s Chad le Clos.

Phelps, who has a record 14 Olympic gold medals and was the champion in this event in the 2004 and 2008 Games, was in the top three after the butterfly, backstroke and breaststroke, but was unable to hold his ground in the freestyle and was passed by the 17-year-old Hagino over the final 100 meters.

Saturday marked the last time the 27-year-old swimming icon will compete in the 400-meter individual medley, one of the sport’s most grueling events, as Phelps has vowed to retire after the London Games.

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Cuban Dissident’s Widow Seeks Answers, Rejects Government Statement

Cuban Dissident’s Widow Seeks Answers, Rejects Government Statement

Photo: Ofelia Acevedo

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The widow of prominent Cuban dissident Oswaldo Paya said she does not accept the official government statement on the cause of the car crash that killed her husband and is demanding to meet with the two survivors of the accident.

“I’m not going to accept the version the government’s giving. In no way do I accept it,” Ofelia Acevedo told Efe Friday after Cuban state television made public an Interior Ministry note on the accident.

Paya, the 60-year-old leader of the Christian Liberation Movement, and 31-year-old Harold Cepero, also a member of that dissident organization, died in the accident last Sunday near Bayamo, a city 800 kilometers (500 miles) east of Havana.

The driver of the vehicle, Spain’s Angel Carromero, an activist with the youth wing of his country’s governing conservative Popular Party, and Sweden’s Jens Aron Modig, chairman of the Christian Democrat Youth League, were slightly injured.

The Cuban government said in its note - released Friday - that speeding on a highway where roadwork was being done caused the deadly accident.

“Until I’m able to speak with Angel and Aron, the last two people who saw my husband alive, have access to the expert reports and have the advice of people independent of the Cuban government, I can’t have an idea of what really happened that day. I have to meet with those boys.”

Both young men are in custody in Cuba. The Spaniard is being held at a police station in Bayamo and the Swede by immigration authorities in Havana.

“I learned of that version of the events on television. The right thing would have been to inform the family beforehand so I could express my doubts. They have all the information and can prepare the vision of the accident they want (to convey),” Acevedo said.

“There are a lot of things to clarify with respect to that version. Just listening to it a series of questions came to me. I have to learn the truth because what was reported on television is not the truth and I’ll keep demanding that the Cuban government allow me to meet with those boys they have under investigation. It’s my right,” she said.

“I’m not going to discuss the details because I’m not an expert in forensic matters. But I know that my husband wouldn’t allow them to speed, that he was always alert and responsible for those accompanying him in the car, even if he wasn’t driving and knew the road very well,” Acevedo said.

The investigation into the accident and the “criminal case” are ongoing, although the official note did not indicate if formal charges have been filed against Carromero.

According to expert analysis, the scene of the accident was a straight road with good visibility and with a sign warning that roadwork was being done there.

Cuban law says that in such situations vehicles may not exceed 60 kph (37 mph).

After coming onto that stretch of road going too fast and braking suddenly, the driver lost control of the vehicle which spun on its left side for 63 meters (207 feet) until it hit a tree on the right-hand side of the highway, the statement said.

Paya died instantly from a severe head wound, while Cepero passed away in Carlos Manuel de Cespedes Hospital in Bayamo from a pulmonary blood clot.

Carromero, who is being held in Bayamo, said, according to the official note, that he did not remember seeing the sign about the roadwork and could not say how fast he was going.

Modig, meanwhile, said he was asleep when the accident happened.

Paya was the promoter of the so-called Varela Project, which he presented to Cuba’s legislature in 2002 along with some 11,000 signatures to propose a referendum on a democratic and peaceful transition on the Communist-ruled island.

The petition was rejected by the Castro regime, but Paya emerged as the leading advocate of peaceful democratic change in Cuba.

Read more by HS News Staff →

Colombian Cyclist Narrowly Misses Gold in Men’s Road Race

Colombian Cyclist Narrowly Misses Gold in Men’s Road Race

Photo: Rigoberto Uran, Alexandr Vinokourov, Alexander Kristoff

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Colombian cyclist Rigoberto Uran came tantalizingly close to winning his country’s second-ever gold medal but ended up settling for silver in a surprise-filled men’s road race Saturday, finishing just behind Kazakhstan’s Alexandr Vinokourov.

The 38-year-old Kazakh used a powerful burst in the final 200 meters (655 feet) to out-kick Uran after the two had broken free from the pack about seven kilometers (4.3 miles) from the finish line.

Vinokourov finished with a time of 5:45:57 - just a fraction of a second ahead of Uran - in the 249.5-kilometer (155-mile) race, which began and ended in The Mall.

Norway’s Alexander Kristoff took bronze after winning a sprint among the members of the trailing pack, which also included Spaniards Alejandro Valverde and Luis Leon Sanchez.

Race favorite Mark Cavendish of Great Britain finished well behind the leaders.

Although Uran was unable to capture gold, the Colombian won the Andean nation’s fourth Olympic silver medal overall and first ever in cycling.

Colombian cyclist Maria Luisa Calle won a bronze medal in the women’s points race at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.

Weightlifter Maria Isabel Urrutia took home the country’s lone gold medal when she won the women’s 75 kg class at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.

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Colombian Governor Says Forgo Coca Eradication Program, Use Money to Combat Poverty

Colombian Governor Says Forgo Coca Eradication Program, Use Money to Combat Poverty

Photo: Coca eradication attempt

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Colombia’s program to eradicate coca - the raw material of cocaine - is a failure and the money would be better spent on efforts to alleviate rural poverty, the governor of the southwestern province of Nariño said here Friday.

Raul Delgado offered that appraisal at an event in Tumaco where Defense Minister Juan Carlos Pinzon had just finished presenting the Colombian government’s new strategy to eliminate illegal crops.

“I am governor of the province that represents 27 percent of coca cultivation at the national level - four of our municipalities figure among the 10 where the most coca fields exist - but also of the province that has been most sprayed, fumigated,” Delgado told Pinzon.

The fumigation consists of aerial spraying of glyphosate, a powerful herbicide sold in the United States under the Round-Up brand.

Residents of areas subjected to fumigation complain that glyphosate destroys legal crops and causes health problems in people and livestock.

“In the last 10 years more than 390,000 hectares (962,962 acres) of this province have been fumigated, added to another 113,000 hectares eradicated manually,” Nariño’s top elected official said.

Yet the coca fields remain, Delgado said, while Nariño has a homicide rate of 180 murders per 100,000 inhabitants and is one of the provinces “most affected by the armed conflict” among the security forces, leftist guerrillas and right-wing militias.

The governor expressed appreciation for the new strategy announced by Pinzon, which calls for incorporating eradication and interdiction into a comprehensive approach that includes social programs for peasants.

“I say with all respect, I believe the revision must be much more profound than what was just announced,” Delgado said, faulting the continued focus on coca eradication.

“The indicators speak of hectares (of coca) destroyed, but the indicators don’t speak about the people or the families that are behind this problem,” the governor said.

Addressing Pinzon, Delgado said: “Is the objective to destroy coca, eradicate coca, or is the objective to recover for the country ... territories, but above all, human beings, who deserve for the state to provide them with a second chance?”

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PRI Slams Mexican Left’s Suggestion for Interim President

PRI Slams Mexican Left’s Suggestion for Interim President

Photo: Election protests in Mexico

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The Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, slammed the Mexican left’s insistence that the July 1 presidential election be overturned and an interim president be named to organize a new vote as “absolutely out of line.”

Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who was the candidate of a leftist coalition led by his Party of the Democratic Revolution, or PRD, said in a press conference earlier this week that the election must be invalidated due to massive vote-buying by the PRI.

But Pedro Joaquin Coldwell, chairman of the PRI - whose candidate, Enrique Peña Nieto, won the contest with 38.21 percent of the vote, according to the final official tally - said Friday that Lopez Obrador is out to discredit a “democratic and transparent” election.

“It’s a repeat of Andres Manuel’s same nonsense of six years ago,” Joaquin Coldwell said, referring to Lopez Obrador’s refusal to accept his narrow defeat in the 2006 presidential contest to Felipe Calderon of the National Action Party, or PAN.

Lopez Obrador said that year’s balloting also had been marred by fraud, declared himself to be Mexico’s “legitimate president” and organized a series of marches over several weeks in Mexico City’s Paseo de la Reforma, one of the capital’s main thoroughfares.

“So let’s start preparing now because when he loses the 2018 election, he’ll once again call for an interim presidency,” the PRI chairman said.

The PRI also has made tit-for-tat allegations against Lopez Obrador in recent days, accusing his Progressive Movement coalition of using grassroots organizations as “parallel structures” to evade campaign finance rules.

Lopez Obrador, who took second place in the vote with 31.59 percent, has mocked those claims, saying “scoundrels think everyone’s a scoundrel.”

In his press conference Thursday, the leftist said that “if the election is not invalidated, Mexico will be governed by a band of criminals, the most corrupt and terrible in the country.”

He proposed that the lower house of Congress choose an interim “honorable president to convene new elections within a period of 15 to 18 months, at the latest,” rejecting the notion that such a process would lead to “instability.”

“I assure you that it will be worse for us as a nation if there is impunity, if it’s decided there will be a president ... who comes to office by buying the presidency of the republic,” Lopez Obrador said.

The leftist hopeful filed a motion last week with Mexico’s TEPJF electoral court seeking to have the election overturned, contending that the PRI effectively bought 5 million votes, or more than the margin of victory of roughly 3.3 million ballots.

The TEPJF has until the end of August to either officially certify Peña Nieto as president-elect or annul the election.

Lopez Obrador is basing his motion to invalidate the vote on an article of the constitution stating that elections must be “clean and authentic,” an argument that legal experts say the TEPJF is unlikely to accept.

The leftist also said this week that Calderon’s administration may be concealing evidence of wrongdoing by the Peña Nieto campaign.

“They’re not going to be able to cover up the pigsty, so it’s better that we come to an agreement to see how we’re going to resolve this matter,” he added.

The PAN, whose candidate, Josefina Vazquez Mota, finished a distant third in the presidential election, also has joined with Lopez Obrador in demanding an investigation of the PRI’s finances.

The ruling party approached electoral authorities on June 14 with a request to freeze the PRI’s accounts with Monex bank on suspicion that PRI operatives handed out prepaid debit cards issued by that financial institution in an apparent attempt to buy votes.

The PRI has acknowledged using debit cards to pay party workers, but says it did not enter into any contract with Monex.

The PAN, however, has said it is not contesting the election results.

The non-partisan Yo soy 132 student movement, for its part, has joined Lopez Obrador in challenging the outcome of the July ballot and has announced a series of protests and other events to block the “imposition” of Peña Nieto as president.

Thousands of Yo soy 132 members and supporters surrounded the Mexico City headquarters of Televisa, the country’s dominant television broadcaster, for 24 hours starting Thursday night, chanting slogans against Peña Nieto and the PRI and holding up signs saying: “Televisa lie factory” and “We want schools, not soap operas.”

Yo soy 132 emerged in May, largely as a reaction to the Mexican mass media’s bias in favor of Peña Nieto and the PRI.

The PRI, which governed Mexico from 1929 to 2000, lost the 2000 presidential election to National Action and finished third in 2006.

During its 71-year reign - described by Peruvian Nobel literature laureate Mario Vargas Llosa as the “perfect dictatorship” - the PRI relied mainly on patronage and control of organized labor and the mass media, though it was not above resorting to outright vote-rigging and even violence.

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SundayJuly 29, 2012