Today in Latin American History
The Cuban Missile Crisis Ended in 1962
Photo: Nikita Khrushchev and JFK
Today in Latin American history, the Cuban missile crisis ended when Nikita Khrushchev ordered to remove the Soviet missiles from Cuba in 1962.
Kennedy and United Nations Secretary-General U Thant reached an agreement with Khrushchev.
Publicly, the Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba and return them to the Soviet Union, subject to United Nations verification, in exchange for a US public declaration and agreement never to invade Cuba.
Secretly, the US also agreed that it would dismantle all US-built Jupiter IRBMs, armed with nuclear warheads, which were deployed in Turkey and Italy against the Soviet Union.
The tense negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union pointed out the necessity of a quick, clear and direct communication between Washington and Moscow.
Other events that occurred on this day:
- Today in LatAm history, the first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is opened in 1538
- Today in LatAm history, former President of Argentina Arturo Frondizi who was in office 1958-62 was born in 1908
- Today in LatAm history, Brazilian footballer Garrincha who played for the National team & Botafogo F.R. was born in 1933
- Today in LatAm history, Cuban revolutionary figure Camilo Cienfuegos’s plane disappeared over the Carribbean in 1959
- Today in LatAm history, Puerto Rican producer Javier Grillo-Marxuach who worked on Lost & Medium was born in 1969
- Today in LatAm history, Puerto Rican actress & beauty queen Dayanara Torres who was 1993’s Miss Universe was born in 1974
- Today in LatAm history, Argentine composer Carlos Guastavino who created over 500 works died in 2000