Today in Latin American History
Panama Separated from Colombia With the Encouragement of the U.S. in 1903
Today in Latin American history, Panama separated from Colombia with the encouragement of the U.S. in 1903.
After its independence from Spain on November 28, 1821, Panama became a part of the Republic of Gran Colombia which consisted of today’s Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador.
In 1903, the United States and Colombia signed the Hay–Herrán Treaty to finalize the construction of the Panama Canal but the process was not achieved because the Colombian congress rejected the measure on August 12, 1903.
The United States then moved to support the separatist movement in Panama to gain control over the remnants of the French attempt at building a canal.
Other events that occurred on this day:
- Today in LatAm history, former President of Chile Carlos Ibáñez del Campo who was in office 1927-31 and 1952-58 was born in 1877
- Today in LatAm history, former President of Paraguay Alfredo Stroessner who ruled as Dictator for 34 years was born in 1912
- Today in LatAm history, Mexican Catholic bishop Samuel Ruiz García who campaigned for the indigenous was born in 1924
- Today in LatAm history, Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became President of Brazil after a coup on October 24 in 1930
- Today in LatAm history, Mexican footballer Guillermo Franco who plays for the National team & Chicago Fire was born in 1976
- Today in LatAm history, Argentine footballer Pablo Aimar who played for the National team & Valencia CF was born in 1979