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Today in Latin American History

Panama Separated from Colombia With the Encouragement of the U.S. in 1903

Today in Latin American history, Panama separated from Colombia with the encouragement of the U.S. in 1903.

After its independence from Spain on November 28, 1821, Panama became a part of the Republic of Gran Colombia which consisted of today’s Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador.

In 1903, the United States and Colombia signed the Hay–Herrán Treaty to finalize the construction of the Panama Canal but the process was not achieved because the Colombian congress rejected the measure on August 12, 1903.

The United States then moved to support the separatist movement in Panama to gain control over the remnants of the French attempt at building a canal.

Other events that occurred on this day:

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