Today in Latin American History
Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlán Fell to Hernán Cortés in 1521
Today in Latin American history, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán (present-day Mexico City) fell to conquistador Hernán Cortés in 1521.
Though numerous battles were fought between the Aztecs and the Spanish army, it was the siege of Tenochtitlan that was the final, decisive battle that led to the downfall of the Aztec civilization and marked the end of the first phase of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.
The Aztecs surrendered on August 13, 1521. Cortés demanded the return of the gold lost during La Noche Triste.
Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan, was taken hostage the same day and remained the titular leader of Tenochtitlan, under the control of Cortés, until he was hung for treason in 1525 while accompanying a Spanish expedition to Guatemala.
Other events that occurred on this day:
- Today in LatAm history, Brazilian poet, playwright & diplomat Domingos José Gonçalves de Magalhães was born in 1811
- Today in LatAm history, a massive 9.0 earthquake near Arica, Peru (present-day Chile) killed 25,000 in 1868
- Today in LatAm history, Cuban revolutionary & former President of Cuba Fidel Castro was born in 1926
- Today in LatAm history, Brazilian footballer Lucas Rodrigues Moura da Silva who plays for the National team was born in 1992