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Dominican Republic Gained Independence from Haiti in 1844

Today in Latin American history, the Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti in 1844. The whole island of Hispaniola had been under Haitian rule for 22 years when Haiti occupied the newly independent state of Haití Español in 1822. continue reading »

Sandinistas Acknowledged Defeat in Nicaraguan Elections in 1990

Today in Latin American history, Sandinistas acknowledged defeat in Nicaraguan elections in 1990. A year after agreeing to free elections, Nicaragua's leftist Sandinista government loses at the polls. The elections brought an end to more than a decade of U.S. efforts to unseat the Sandinista government. continue reading »

Argentine Commander Don José de San Martín was Born in 1778

Today in LatAm history, Argentine military commander Don José de San Martín who was the first President of Peru was born in 1778. Don José de San Martín was an Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821). continue reading »

Peron was Elected President in Argentina in 1946

Today in Latin American history, Juan Domingo Peron was elected President in Argentina in 1946. He was elected to serve as President of Argentina on three occasions (1946, 1951 and 1973). continue reading »

Cuba Leased Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. in 1903

Today in Latin American history, Cuba leased Guantanamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity" in 1903. The 45-square-mile site was originally used as a coaling station for U.S. Navy ships. continue reading »

The Battle of Buena Vista Took Place in 1847

Today in Latin American history, the Battle of Buena Vista occurred when 5,000 American troops defeated 15,000 Mexicans in 1847. The Battle of Buena Vista was the most dramatic fight of the U.S.-Mexican War. continue reading »

Mexican Actor Roberto “Chespirito” Gómez Bolaños was Born in 1929

Today in Latin American history, Mexican actor Roberto "Chespirito" Gómez Bolaños was born in 1929. Gómez Bolaños is a Mexican writer and actor, known around the world for his characters “El Chavo del 8” and “El Chapulín Colorado,” among others. continue reading »

The Parícutin Volcano Began to Form in 1943

Today in Latin American history, the Parícutin volcano began to form in Parícutin, Mexico in 1943. The volcano began as a fissure in a cornfield owned by a P'urhépecha farmer, Dionisio Pulido. He and his wife witnessed the initial eruption of ash and stones first-hand. continue reading »

South America’s Most Violent Volcanic Eruption Occurred in 1600

Today in Latin American history, the Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina exploded in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America in 1600. continue reading »

First Governor of Puerto Rico Luis Muñoz Marín was Born in 1898

Today in Latin American history, the first Governor of Puerto Rico Luis Muñoz Marín who was seen as "Father of Modern Puerto Rico" and the "The Architect of the Commonwealth" was born in 1898. continue reading »

UN Brokered Ceasefire Between Peru, Ecuador in 1995

Today in Latin American history, the Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ended on a cease-fire brokered by the UN in 1995. The war was a brief and localized military conflict between Ecuador and Peru, fought over control of a disputed area on the border between the two countries. continue reading »

Fidel Castro Became Premier of Cuba in 1959

Today in Latin American history, Fidel Castro became Premier of Cuba after dictator Fulgencio Batista was overthrown on January 1 in 1959. continue reading »

USS Maine Exploded, Leading to Spanish-American War in 1898

Today in Latin American history, the USS Maine exploded and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing more than 260 in 1898. continue reading »

The War of the Pacific Broke Out in 1879

Today in Latin American history, the War of the Pacific broke out when Chilean armed forces occupied the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta in 1879. continue reading »

One of the Río Negro Massacres Occurred in Guatemala in 1982

Today in Latin American history, one of the Río Negro massacres took place in Guatemala in 1982. On the day of the massacre, 74 people from Río Negro (55 men and 19 women) went to Xococ to recover the identity cards. Once there, they were executed by the patrollers. continue reading »

Ecuador Annexed the Galápagos Islands in 1832

Today in Latin American history, Ecuador annexed the Galápagos Islands in 1832. Spanish explores first found the islands in 1535. continue reading »

Panamanian Dictator Manuel Noriega was Born in 1934

Today in Latin American history, Panamanian general and dictator Manuel Noriega who ran the country from 1983-1989 was born in 1934. continue reading »

Drug Trafficker Ramón Arellano Félix Died in 2002

Today in Latin American history, Mexican drug trafficker Ramón Arellano Félix who was a member of the Tijuana drug cartel died in 2002. continue reading »

“The Brazilian Bombshell” Carmen Miranda was Born in 1909

Today in Latin American history, Brazilian actress Carmen Miranda who was also known as "The Brazilian Bombshell" was born in 1909. After establishing a successful singing and acting career in Brazil, Lee Shubert signed Miranda and her band to a contract in 1939. continue reading »

The Allende Meteorite Fell Near Chihuahua in 1969

Today in Latin American history, the Allende meteorite fell near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico in 1969. The Allende meteorite is the largest carbonaceous chondrite ever found on Earth. continue reading »