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The Treaty of Cahuenga Ended the Mexican–American War in 1847

Today in Latin American history, the Treaty of Cahuenga ended the Mexican–American War in California in 1847. It was not a formal treaty between nations but an informal agreement between rival military forces in which the Californios gave up fighting. continue reading »

Brazilian Composer Luiz Bonfá Died in 2001

Today in Latin American history, Brazilian composer Luiz Bonfá died in 2001. Bonfá was a celebrated Bossa Nova composer who best known for the "Black Orpheus" soundtrack. The film won many film festival awards as well as an Academy Award. The success of the movie promoted Bonfá's music internationally. continue reading »

Flash Flood Struck Rio de Janeiro in 1966

Today in Latin American history, a flash flood struck Rio de Janeiro, Brazil killing 400 and displacing 50,000 in 1966. More than 10 inches of rain fell in 12 hours, causing a flash flood. continue reading »

Chilean Nobel Prize Winner Gabriela Mistral Died in 1957

Today in Latin American history, Chilean writer Gabriela Mistral who won the Nobel Prize in Literature 1945 died in 1957. She was the first Latin American, and, so far, the only Latin American woman, to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. continue reading »

22 Were Killed After Trying to Raise the Panamanian Flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama in 1964

Today in Latin American history, 22 Panamanians were killed in a fight that broke out between Panamanians in Panama City and U.S. citizens living in the Canal Zone in 1964. continue reading »

Venezuelan Fashion Designer Carolina Herrera was Born in 1939

Today in Latin American history, Venezuelan fashion designer Carolina Herrera was born in 1939. Herrera started her fashion line in 1981 after uprooting her family and moving to New York City. continue reading »

U.S. Recognized New Cuban Government in 1959

Today in Latin American history, the United States recognized the new Cuban government of Fidel Castro in 1959. continue reading »

Cuban Boxer Kid Gavilan was Born in 1926

Today in Latin American history, Cuban boxer Kid Gavilan who was the world welterweight champion was born in 1926. continue reading »

King Juan Carlos I of Spain was Born in 1938

Today in Latin American history, King Juan Carlos I of Spain was born in 1938. On 22 November 1975, two days after General Francisco Franco's death, Juan Carlos was designated King according to the law of succession promulgated by Franco. continue reading »

Singer Sandro Known as the “Argentine Elvis” Died in 2010

Today in Latin American history, Argentine songwriter Sandro died in 2010. Roberto Sanchez, the Argentine singer known as "Sandro" and who drew comparisons to Elvis Presley was the first Latino artist to sell out Madison Square Garden in New York. continue reading »

U.S. Severed Diplomatic Relations with Cuba in 1961

Today in Latin American history, the United States severed diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961. The U.S. chose to close the American Embassy in Havana in light of Fidel Castro's uprising. continue reading »

First Democratically Elected Governor of Puerto Rico Took Office in 1949

Today in Latin American history, Luis Muñoz Marín became the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico in 1949. continue reading »

Fidel Castro Overthrew Cuban Dictator Batista in 1959

Today in Latin American history, Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, was overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces during the Cuban Revolution in 1959. continue reading »

The U.S. Hands Control of the Panama Canal to Panama in 1999

Today in Latin American history, the United States Government hands control of the Panama Canal to Panama in 1999. continue reading »

Madrid Barajas International Airport was Bombed in 2006

Today in Latin American history, Madrid Barajas International Airport was bombed in 2006. The explosion took place in the carpark building next to the new terminal. An anonymous caller stated that Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) claimed responsibility for the bombing. continue reading »

36-Year Long Guatemalan Civil War Ended in 1996

Today in Latin American history, Guatemala and leaders of Guatemalan National Revolutionary Union sign a peace accord ending a 36-year civil war in 1996. continue reading »

Argentine Novelist Manuel Puig was Born in 1932

Today in Latin American history, Argentine writer Manuel Puig whose novels have been turned into films and plays was born in 1932. continue reading »

Spain Became a Democracy After 40 Years of Dictatorship in 1978

Today in Latin American history, Spain became a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship in 1978. Following the Spanish constitution's approval in a national referendum, King Juan Carlos ratified Spain's first democratic constitution in nearly five decades. continue reading »

Cuban Writer Alejo Carpentier was Born in 1904

Today in Latin American history, Cuban writer Alejo Carpentier who is considered one of the best novelists of the 20th century was born in 1904. continue reading »

Chilean Rebels Defeat the Spanish at the Battle of Tucapel in 1553

Today in Latin American history, Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeated the Spanish conquistadors and executed the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia at the Battle of Tucapel in 1553. continue reading »