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200,000 Mexicans Protested the Mexican Drug War in 2011

Today in Latin American history, 200,000 Mexicans protested the 38,000 who have died during the Mexican Drug War in 2011. Mexicans in at least 25 of the country’s 31 states protested to “stop the war, for a just and peaceful Mexico." continue reading »

Argentine First Lady Eva “Evita” Peron was Born in 1919

Today in Latin American history, Argentine first lady and actress Eva "Evita" Perón was born in 1919. The second wife of President Juan Perón, Evita is credited with speaking on behalf of labor rights, fought for women's suffrage, and ran the nation's first large-scale female political party, the Female Peronist Party. continue reading »

Pope John XXIII Canonized St. Martín de Porres in 1962

Today in Latin American history, Peruvian St. Martín de Porres was canonized by Pope John XXIII in 1962. Martin made a martyr out of his body, devoting himself to ceaseless and severe penances. continue reading »

General Zaragoza Defeated the French at the Battle of Puebla in 1862

Today in Latin American history, Mexican troops led by General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín halt the French invasion at Battle of Puebla in 1862. continue reading »

Pope Alexander VI Divided the New World Between Spain and Portugal in 1493

Today in Latin American history, Pope Alexander VI divided the New World between Spain and Portugal along the line of demarcation in 1493. continue reading »

Mexican Army Surrounded Fort Texas in 1846

Today in Latin American history, Mexican army surrounded Fort Texas, marking the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846. continue reading »

British Nuclear Submarine Sunk an Argentine Cruiser in 1982

Today in Latin American history, the British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sunk the Argentine cruiser ARA General Belgrano in 1982. continue reading »

Fidel Castro Proclaimed Cuba a Socialist Nation in 1961

Today in Latin American history, the Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, proclaimed Cuba a socialist nation and abolished elections in 1961. continue reading »

The Organization of American States was Established in 1948

Today in Latin American history, the Organization of American States (OAS) was established in Bogotá, Colombia in 1948. The United States and 20 Latin American nations signed the charter establishing the OAS. continue reading »

Venezuelan Baseball Player Luis Aparicio was Born in 1934

Today in Latin American history, Venezuelan baseball player Luis Aparicio who played for the Chicago White Sox was born in 1934. Aparicio played as a shortstop in Major League Baseball (MLB) for 18 seasons from 1956 through 1973. continue reading »

Thor Heyerdahl and His Crew Traveled from Peru to Polynesia in 1947

Today in Latin American history, Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia in 1947. continue reading »

The Carabineros de Chile were Created in 1927

Today in Latin American history, Carabineros de Chile, Chilean national police force and gendarmery, were created in 1927. The origins of the Carabiniers can be traced back to night watchmen such as the Dragones de la Reina (Queen's Dragoons) (created in 1758 and later renamed the Dragoons of Chile in 1812) and other organizations that fulfilled functions such as the watch and local policing. continue reading »

Mexican Saint Rafael Guizar Valencia was Born in 1878

Today in Latin American history, Mexican bishop Rafael Guízar Valencia was born in 1878. Guízar Valencia was a Catholic bishop who cared for the wounded, sick, and dying in Mexico's 1910-20 Revolution. continue reading »

LatAm’s First Elected Female President Nicaragua’s Violeta Chamorro Took Office in 1990

Today in Latin American history, Violeta Chamorro took office as the President of Nicaragua, the first woman to hold the position in 1990. continue reading »

Civil War Broke Out in the Dominican Republic in 1965

Today in Latin American history, civil war broke out in the Dominican Republic when Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrew the triumvirate that had been in power since the coup d'état against Juan Bosch in 1965. continue reading »

Venezuelan Writer Teresa de la Parra Died in 1936

Today in Latin American history, Venezuelan writer Teresa de la Parra died in 1936. She rebelled against the limited expectations for women of her class by long hours of reading and writing. continue reading »

Explosion in Guadalajara Killed 250, Left 15,000 Homeless in 1992

Today in Latin American history, in an explosion in Guadalajara, Mexico, 206 people were killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 left homeless in 1992. continue reading »

Bolivian Supreme Court Sentence Former Dictator to Jail in 1993

Today in Latin American history, the Supreme Court in La Paz, Bolivia, sentenced former dictator Luis Garcia Meza to 30 years in jail without parole for murder, theft, fraud and violating the constitution in 1993. continue reading »

JFK Discusses the Failure of the Bay of Pigs in 1961

Today in Latin American history, failure of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of US-backed Cuban exiles against Cuba was uncovered in 1961. continue reading »

Fidel Castro Resigned as First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba in 2011

Today in Latin American history, Fidel Castro resigned from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title in 2011. continue reading »