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Andean Community of Nations was Established in 1969

Today in Latin American history, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador & Peru created the Andean Community of Nations (Comunidad Andina) in 1969. The Community is comprised of 98 million inhabitants living in an area of 4,700,000 square kilometers. continue reading »

Mexican President, Dictator Jose Porfirio Diaz’s Term Ended in 1911

Today in Latin American history, Mexican President and dictator Jose Porfirio Diaz's term ended in 1911. Ruling since 1876, these years are known as the Porfiriato. continue reading »

Ecuadorian President Aguilera Died in Plane Crash in 1981

Today in Latin American history, Ecuadorian President Jaime Roldós Aguilera, his wife & his committee died in a plane crash in 1981. A plane carrying the President, Minister of Defense, assistants and their spouses crashed into the Huairapungo Mountain, in Celica Canton of Loja Province. The crash left no survivors. continue reading »

Simón Bolívar was declared “El Libertador” in 1813

Today in Latin American history, Simón Bolívar was declared "El Libertador" after restoring the Venezuelan Republic in 1813. In 1813 Bolívar was given a military command in Tunja, New Granada (modern day Colombia), under the direction of the Congress of United Provinces of New Granada, which had formed out of the juntas established in 1810. continue reading »

The Great Chilean Earthquake Struck in 1960

Today in Latin American history, the Great Chilean Earthquake, which was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, hit southern Chile in 1960. continue reading »

Civil Unrest in Argentina, Known as Rosariazo, Broke Out in 1969

Today in Latin American history, civil unrest in Argentina, known as Rosariazo, following the death of a 15 year-old student broke out in 1969. continue reading »

Conquistadors Massacred Aztec Nobles During a Festival in 1520

Today in Latin American history, conquistadors attacked a traditional festival, slaughtering hundreds of unarmed Aztec nobles in 1520. Spanish conquistadors had a tentative hold on Tenochtitlan, now called Mexico City, Aztec nobles asked Pedro de Alvarado for permission to hold a traditional festival, and he permitted it. continue reading »

SAM Colombia Flight 501 Crashed into Mountain in 1993

Today in Latin American history, SAM Colombia Flight 501 crashed into mountain at Medellin, Colombia killing 132 on board in 1993. The crew had reported they were approaching Medellín and were cleared to descend. The 727 had actually not yet reached the location they had given thus they descended into mountainous terrain. continue reading »

Nicaraguan Revolutionary Leader Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino was Born in 1895

Today in Latin American history, Nicaraguan revolutionary Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino was born in 1895. Sandino was the leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua. Sandino was the leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua . continue reading »

Maoist Guerrilla Group Attacked a Polling Location in Peru in 1980

Today in Latin American history, Maoist guerrilla group attacked a polling location in Peru, starting Internal conflict in 1980. On the eve of the presidential elections, Shining Path burned ballot boxes in the town of Chuschi. It was the first "act of war" by the Shining Path. continue reading »

Former Dominican President Balaguer Was Re-elected in 1986, 1990, and 1994

Today in Latin American history, Joaquin Balaguer was re-elected President of the Dominican Republic in 1986, 1990 & 1994. Balaguer was originally sworn in as president of the Dominican Republic in 1960 when Dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo resigned. continue reading »

Paraguay’s Independence from Spain was Recognized in 1811

Today in Latin American history, Paraguay’s independence from Spain was recognized in 1811. The Spanish arrived in the 1500’s and stayed for nearly 300 years as it colonized the region, converted natives to Christianity and enslaved native Indian populations. continue reading »

5-year-old Peruvian Became the Youngest Confirmed Mother in 1939

Today in Latin American history, Lina Medina of Peru became the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at 5 years old in 1939. Medina gave birth at the age of five years, seven months and 17 days. continue reading »

Ecuador Gained Independence from Gran Colombia in 1830

Today in Latin American history, Ecuador gained its independence from Gran Colombia in 1830. Following the deaths of Antonio José de Sucre and Simón Bolívar, Gran Colombia was on the brink of collapse. continue reading »

ICE Conducted the Largest-Ever Raid of a Workplace in 2008

Today in Latin American history, U.S. ICE conducted the largest-ever raid of workplace & arrested nearly 400 immigrants in 2008. The Postville Raid was a raid at the Agriprocessors Inc. kosher slaughterhouse and meat packing plant in Postville, Iowa. continue reading »

Israeli Mossad Agents Captured Nazi Fugitive Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in 1960

Today in Latin American history, four Israeli Mossad agents captured Nazi fugitive Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in 1960. continue reading »

ICJ Ruled U.S. Violated International Law By Supporting Nicaraguan Contras in 1984

Today in Latin American history, the International Court of Justice ruled that the United States violated international law by supporting Contras in Nicaragua in 1984. continue reading »

Paraguay Held its 1st President Elections in 50 Years in 1993

Today in Latin American history, Paraguay held its first President and parliamentary elections in 50 years in 1993. continue reading »

200,000 Mexicans Protested the Mexican Drug War in 2011

Today in Latin American history, 200,000 Mexicans protested the 38,000 who have died during the Mexican Drug War in 2011. Mexicans in at least 25 of the country’s 31 states protested to “stop the war, for a just and peaceful Mexico." continue reading »

Argentine First Lady Eva “Evita” Peron was Born in 1919

Today in Latin American history, Argentine first lady and actress Eva "Evita" Perón was born in 1919. The second wife of President Juan Perón, Evita is credited with speaking on behalf of labor rights, fought for women's suffrage, and ran the nation's first large-scale female political party, the Female Peronist Party. continue reading »