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The Great Chilean Earthquake Struck in 1960

Today in Latin American history, the Great Chilean Earthquake, which was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, hit southern Chile in 1960. continue reading »

Civil Unrest in Argentina, Known as Rosariazo, Broke Out in 1969

Today in Latin American history, civil unrest in Argentina, known as Rosariazo, following the death of a 15 year-old student broke out in 1969. continue reading »

Conquistadors Massacred Aztec Nobles During a Festival in 1520

Today in Latin American history, conquistadors attacked a traditional festival, slaughtering hundreds of unarmed Aztec nobles in 1520. Spanish conquistadors had a tentative hold on Tenochtitlan, now called Mexico City, Aztec nobles asked Pedro de Alvarado for permission to hold a traditional festival, and he permitted it. continue reading »

Maoist Guerrilla Group Attacked a Polling Location in Peru in 1980

Today in Latin American history, Maoist guerrilla group attacked a polling location in Peru, starting Internal conflict in 1980. On the eve of the presidential elections, Shining Path burned ballot boxes in the town of Chuschi. It was the first "act of war" by the Shining Path. continue reading »

Paraguay’s Independence from Spain was Recognized in 1811

Today in Latin American history, Paraguay’s independence from Spain was recognized in 1811. The Spanish arrived in the 1500’s and stayed for nearly 300 years as it colonized the region, converted natives to Christianity and enslaved native Indian populations. continue reading »

5-year-old Peruvian Became the Youngest Confirmed Mother in 1939

Today in Latin American history, Lina Medina of Peru became the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at 5 years old in 1939. Medina gave birth at the age of five years, seven months and 17 days. continue reading »

ICE Conducted the Largest-Ever Raid of a Workplace in 2008

Today in Latin American history, U.S. ICE conducted the largest-ever raid of workplace & arrested nearly 400 immigrants in 2008. The Postville Raid was a raid at the Agriprocessors Inc. kosher slaughterhouse and meat packing plant in Postville, Iowa. continue reading »

Israeli Mossad Agents Captured Nazi Fugitive Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in 1960

Today in Latin American history, four Israeli Mossad agents captured Nazi fugitive Adolf Eichmann in Argentina in 1960. continue reading »

ICJ Ruled U.S. Violated International Law By Supporting Nicaraguan Contras in 1984

Today in Latin American history, the International Court of Justice ruled that the United States violated international law by supporting Contras in Nicaragua in 1984. continue reading »

Paraguay Held its 1st President Elections in 50 Years in 1993

Today in Latin American history, Paraguay held its first President and parliamentary elections in 50 years in 1993. continue reading »

200,000 Mexicans Protested the Mexican Drug War in 2011

Today in Latin American history, 200,000 Mexicans protested the 38,000 who have died during the Mexican Drug War in 2011. Mexicans in at least 25 of the country’s 31 states protested to “stop the war, for a just and peaceful Mexico." continue reading »

Argentine First Lady Eva “Evita” Peron was Born in 1919

Today in Latin American history, Argentine first lady and actress Eva "Evita" Perón was born in 1919. The second wife of President Juan Perón, Evita is credited with speaking on behalf of labor rights, fought for women's suffrage, and ran the nation's first large-scale female political party, the Female Peronist Party. continue reading »

Pope John XXIII Canonized St. Martín de Porres in 1962

Today in Latin American history, Peruvian St. Martín de Porres was canonized by Pope John XXIII in 1962. Martin made a martyr out of his body, devoting himself to ceaseless and severe penances. continue reading »

General Zaragoza Defeated the French at the Battle of Puebla in 1862

Today in Latin American history, Mexican troops led by General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín halt the French invasion at Battle of Puebla in 1862. continue reading »

Mexican Army Surrounded Fort Texas in 1846

Today in Latin American history, Mexican army surrounded Fort Texas, marking the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846. continue reading »

British Nuclear Submarine Sunk an Argentine Cruiser in 1982

Today in Latin American history, the British nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sunk the Argentine cruiser ARA General Belgrano in 1982. continue reading »

Fidel Castro Proclaimed Cuba a Socialist Nation in 1961

Today in Latin American history, the Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, proclaimed Cuba a socialist nation and abolished elections in 1961. continue reading »

The Organization of American States was Established in 1948

Today in Latin American history, the Organization of American States (OAS) was established in Bogotá, Colombia in 1948. The United States and 20 Latin American nations signed the charter establishing the OAS. continue reading »

Venezuelan Baseball Player Luis Aparicio was Born in 1934

Today in Latin American history, Venezuelan baseball player Luis Aparicio who played for the Chicago White Sox was born in 1934. Aparicio played as a shortstop in Major League Baseball (MLB) for 18 seasons from 1956 through 1973. continue reading »

Thor Heyerdahl and His Crew Traveled from Peru to Polynesia in 1947

Today in Latin American history, Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia in 1947. continue reading »