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Puerto Ricans Were Granted U.S. Citizenship in 1917

Today in Latin American history, the enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act granted Puerto Ricans United States citizenship in 1917. continue reading »

Aztec King Cuauhtémoc was Executed by Cortés’s forces in 1525

Today in Latin American history, the Aztec king Cuauhtémoc was executed by Hernán Cortés's forces in 1525. Hernán Cortés was marching on Tenochtitlán and Cuauhtémoc defended the city through a four-month siege. continue reading »

Argentine Commander Don José de San Martín was Born in 1778

Today in LatAm history, Argentine military commander Don José de San Martín who was the first President of Peru was born in 1778. Don José de San Martín was an Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821). continue reading »

Peron was Elected President in Argentina in 1946

Today in Latin American history, Juan Domingo Peron was elected President in Argentina in 1946. He was elected to serve as President of Argentina on three occasions (1946, 1951 and 1973). continue reading »

Cuba Leased Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. in 1903

Today in Latin American history, Cuba leased Guantanamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity" in 1903. The 45-square-mile site was originally used as a coaling station for U.S. Navy ships. continue reading »

The Battle of Buena Vista Took Place in 1847

Today in Latin American history, the Battle of Buena Vista occurred when 5,000 American troops defeated 15,000 Mexicans in 1847. The Battle of Buena Vista was the most dramatic fight of the U.S.-Mexican War. continue reading »

Mexican Actor Roberto “Chespirito” Gómez Bolaños was Born in 1929

Today in Latin American history, Mexican actor Roberto "Chespirito" Gómez Bolaños was born in 1929. Gómez Bolaños is a Mexican writer and actor, known around the world for his characters “El Chavo del 8” and “El Chapulín Colorado,” among others. continue reading »

The Parícutin Volcano Began to Form in 1943

Today in Latin American history, the Parícutin volcano began to form in Parícutin, Mexico in 1943. The volcano began as a fissure in a cornfield owned by a P'urhépecha farmer, Dionisio Pulido. He and his wife witnessed the initial eruption of ash and stones first-hand. continue reading »

South America’s Most Violent Volcanic Eruption Occurred in 1600

Today in Latin American history, the Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina exploded in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America in 1600. continue reading »

First Governor of Puerto Rico Luis Muñoz Marín was Born in 1898

Today in Latin American history, the first Governor of Puerto Rico Luis Muñoz Marín who was seen as "Father of Modern Puerto Rico" and the "The Architect of the Commonwealth" was born in 1898. continue reading »

UN Brokered Ceasefire Between Peru, Ecuador in 1995

Today in Latin American history, the Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador ended on a cease-fire brokered by the UN in 1995. The war was a brief and localized military conflict between Ecuador and Peru, fought over control of a disputed area on the border between the two countries. continue reading »

Ecuador Annexed the Galápagos Islands in 1832

Today in Latin American history, Ecuador annexed the Galápagos Islands in 1832. Spanish explores first found the islands in 1535. continue reading »

Panamanian Dictator Manuel Noriega was Born in 1934

Today in Latin American history, Panamanian general and dictator Manuel Noriega who ran the country from 1983-1989 was born in 1934. continue reading »

Drug Trafficker Ramón Arellano Félix Died in 2002

Today in Latin American history, Mexican drug trafficker Ramón Arellano Félix who was a member of the Tijuana drug cartel died in 2002. continue reading »

“The Brazilian Bombshell” Carmen Miranda was Born in 1909

Today in Latin American history, Brazilian actress Carmen Miranda who was also known as "The Brazilian Bombshell" was born in 1909. After establishing a successful singing and acting career in Brazil, Lee Shubert signed Miranda and her band to a contract in 1939. continue reading »

The Allende Meteorite Fell Near Chihuahua in 1969

Today in Latin American history, the Allende meteorite fell near Pueblito de Allende, Chihuahua, Mexico in 1969. The Allende meteorite is the largest carbonaceous chondrite ever found on Earth. continue reading »

U.S. Banned All Cuban Imports and Exports in 1962

Today in Latin American history, the United States banned all Cuban imports and exports in 1962. In response to the Cuban alignment with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, President John F. Kennedy extended measures by Executive Order. continue reading »

Mexico Adopted the Current Constitution in 1917

Today in Latin American history, the current constitution of Mexico was adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches in 1917. continue reading »

7.5 Earthquake Killed more than 22,000 in Guatemala and Honduras in 1976

Today in Latin American history, a 7.5 earthquake killed more than 22,000 in Guatemala and Honduras in 1976. The earthquake struck during the early morning (at 3:01 am, local time) when most people were asleep. This contributed to the high death toll of 23,000. continue reading »

Ritchie Valens was Killed on “The Day the Music Died” in 1959

Today in Latin American history, a plane crashed near Clear Lake, Iowa killing Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson in an incident that became known as "The Day the Music Died" in 1959. continue reading »