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Mexican Actress Lupe Vélez Died in 1944

Today in Latin American history, Mexican actress Lupe Vélez who was known as the "Mexican Spitfire" died in 1944. Vélez began her career in Mexico as a dancer, before moving to the U.S. where she worked in vaudeville. Vélez was one of the first Mexican actresses to succeed in Hollywood. continue reading »

An 8.2 Earthquake and Tsunami Attacks Colombia and Ecuador in 1979

Today in Latin American history, an 8.2 earthquake and tsunami kill nearly 600 people in Colombia and Ecuador in 1979. The epicenter was just offshore from the border between Ecuador and Colombia, near the port city of Tumaco. continue reading »

Che Guevara Spoke at the UN in 1964

Today in Latin American history, Che Guevara spoke at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City in 1964. continue reading »

Democracy was Restored in Argentina in 1983

Today in Latin American history, democracy was restored in Argentina when President Raúl Alfonsín took office in 1983. Alfonsín, who won the general elections on October 30, 1983, was the first democratically elected president of Argentina following the military government known as the National Reorganization Process continue reading »

Peruvian Revolutionary Presidente Gonzalo was Born in 1934

Today in Latin American history, Peruvian revolutionary Abimael Guzmán, aka Presidente Gonzalo, who was the leader of the guerrilla group Shining Path was born in 1934. continue reading »

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar Was Born in 1949

Today in Latin American history, Colombian drug lord and and narcoterrorist Pablo Escobar who was head of the Medellín Cartel was born in 1949. continue reading »

Costa Rica Signed Buenos Aires Convention in 1916

Today in Latin American history, Costa Rica became a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty in 1916. The Buenos Aires Convention provides for the mutual recognition of copyrights where the work carries a notice containing a statement of reservation of rights. continue reading »

Panamanian Baseball Player Mariano Rivera Was Born in 1969

Today in Latin American history, Panamanian baseball player Mariano Rivera who pitches for the New York Yankees was born in 1969. continue reading »

Panama Separated from Spain and Joined Gran Colombia in 1821

Today in Latin American history, Panama gained independence from Spain and joined Gran Colombia in 1821. continue reading »

Avianca Flight 203 Exploded Mid-flight Over Colombia in 1989

Today in Latin American history, Avianca Flight 203, exploded in mid-air over Colombia, 107 people were killed on board as well as 3 on the ground in 1989. continue reading »

Argentine Activist, Nobel Prize Winner Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Was Born in 1931

Today in Latin American history, Argentine activist Adolfo Pérez Esquivel who won the Nobel Peace Prize was born in 1931. He is known for his stance against violence. continue reading »

Chilean Dictator Augusto Pinochet Was Born in 1915

Today in Latin American history, Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet was born in 1915. Pinochet was an army general and dictator of Chile from 1973 until transferring power to a democratically elected president in 1990. continue reading »

Brazil’s Father of Football Charles William Miller Born in 1874

Today in Latin American history, Brazilian Charles William Miller who introduced Brazil to the sport of football (soccer) was born in 1874. He is known as the father of Brazilian football. continue reading »

President Reagan Gave CIA Authority to Establish the Contras in 1981

Today in Latin American history, President Ronald Reagan signs off on a top secret document which gave the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) the power to recruit and support Nicaraguan rebels to conduct covert actions against the leftist Sandinista regime in Nicaragua. continue reading »

Juan Carlos Declared King of Spain After Franco’s Death in 1975

Today in Latin American history, Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco in 1975. Francisco Franco led an uprising and took control of Spain after the Spanish Civil War in 1939. He presided over a military dictatorship until his death. continue reading »

Security Council Members Began Shredding Documents Linked to Iran-Contra Affair in 1986

Today in Latin American history, National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary began shredding documents implicating them in the sale of weapons to Iran and channeling the proceeds to help fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua in 1986. continue reading »

The Mexican Revolution Began in 1910

Today in Latin American history, reformist writer and politician Francisco I. Madero denounced Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico in 1910. continue reading »

Pelé‘s Scored 1,000th Goal in 1969

Today in Latin American history, Brazilian soccer star Pelé scored his 1,000th goal in Rio de Janeiro's Maracana stadium in 1969. Born Edson Arantes do Nascimento, Pelé would go on to score 1,282 goals in a career that lasted 21 years and 3 World Cup wins. continue reading »

Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle was Killed in Paraguay in 1980

Today in Latin American history, former President of Nicaragua Anastasio Somoza Debayle was killed in Paraguay in 1980. After being overthrown in a 1979 insurrection led by the FSLN, he fled Nicaragua in exile and power was ceded to the Junta of National Reconstruction. continue reading »

Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, & Costa Rica Declared Independence in 1821

Today in Latin American history, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, & Costa Rica declared independence in 1821. Known as the Captaincy General of Guatemala, the Captaincy was an administrative division in Spanish America which covered much of Central America, a Popular Assembly was called by the City Council which included deputies from the provinces and the citizenry of Guatemala declared independence and the Deed of Declaration of Independence was signed and proclaimed. continue reading »