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Tag Results for "Chilean History"

33 Chilean miners Were Trapped After a Cave-in in 2010

Today in Latin American history, 33 Chilean miners were trapped 2,300 ft below the ground after a cave-in in Copiapó in 2010. The buried men, who became known as "Los 33" ("The 33"), were trapped 2,300 feet underground and about 3 miles from the mine's entrance via spiraling underground service ramps. continue reading »

Chilean Poet Pablo Neruda was Born in 1904

Today in Latin American history, Chilean poet Pablo Neruda who won the Nobel Laureate was born in 1904. Once referred to as "the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language" by Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez, Neruda wrote in a variety of styles. continue reading »

Chilean President Montero Resigned & the Socialist Republic of Chile Came to Power in 1932

Today in Latin American history, President Juan Esteban Montero resigned & the Socialist Republic of Chile came to power in 1932. Colonel Marmaduke Grove staged a coup d'état by taking over the Air Force base of El Bosque, in Santiago, and demanding the resignation of President Montero. continue reading »

Police Broke Up Fights Between Chilean & Italian Players During the World Cup in 1962

Today in Latin American history, police had to break up fights between Chilean & Italian players during FIFA World Cup in 1962. The already heightened tensions between the two football teams were exacerbated by the description of Santiago in crude terms by two Italian journalists. continue reading »

The Great Chilean Earthquake Struck in 1960

Today in Latin American history, the Great Chilean Earthquake, which was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, hit southern Chile in 1960. continue reading »

The Carabineros de Chile were Created in 1927

Today in Latin American history, Carabineros de Chile, Chilean national police force and gendarmery, were created in 1927. The origins of the Carabiniers can be traced back to night watchmen such as the Dragones de la Reina (Queen's Dragoons) (created in 1758 and later renamed the Dragoons of Chile in 1812) and other organizations that fulfilled functions such as the watch and local policing. continue reading »

Spanish Troops Defeated 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco in 1550

Today in Latin American history, several hundred Spanish and indigenous troops under the command of Pedro de Valdivia defeated an army of 60,000 Mapuche at the Battle of Penco during the Arauco War in present-day Chile in 1550. continue reading »

Chile Swore In First Democratically Elected President Since 1970 in 1990

Today in Latin American history, Patricio Aylwin was sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Chile since 1970 in 1990. Following the Augusto Pinochet regime that was in power since 1973, Aylwin was elected in the first democratic elections on December 14, 1989. continue reading »

The War of the Pacific Broke Out in 1879

Today in Latin American history, the War of the Pacific broke out when Chilean armed forces occupied the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta in 1879. continue reading »

An 8.3 Earthquake Struck Chile Killing 28,000 in 1939

Today in Latin American history, the deadliest earthquake in Chilean history struck Chillán in 1939. The 8.3 earthquake killed an estimated 28,000 people, more than half of the city of Chillán was destroyed. continue reading »

Chile Defeated an Alliance Between Peru and Bolivia in the Battle of Yungay in 1839

Today in Latin American history, Chile defeated an alliance between Peru and Bolivia in the Battle of Yungay in 1839. The alliance formed Chilean Army led by Chilean General in Chief Manuel Bulnes and force of Peruvians opposed to Santa Cruz, decisively defeated the Confederate Army commanded by Santa Cruz after six hours of combat in the battlefield of Yungay, in northern Peru, 200 km north of Lima. continue reading »

Chilean Nobel Prize Winner Gabriela Mistral Died in 1957

Today in Latin American history, Chilean writer Gabriela Mistral who won the Nobel Prize in Literature 1945 died in 1957. She was the first Latin American, and, so far, the only Latin American woman, to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. continue reading »

Chilean Rebels Defeat the Spanish at the Battle of Tucapel in 1553

Today in Latin American history, Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeated the Spanish conquistadors and executed the governor of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia at the Battle of Tucapel in 1553. continue reading »

A Coup d’Etat in Chile Headed by Gen. Augusto Pinochet Took Place in 1973

Today in LatAm history, a coup d'etat in Chile headed by General Augusto Pinochet took place in 1973. Following an extended period of social and political unrest between the conservative-dominated Congress of Chile and the elected socialist President Salvador Allende, Allende was overthrown in a coup d’état. continue reading »